Dust flux, Vostok ice core

Dust flux, Vostok ice core
Two dimensional phase space reconstruction of dust flux from the Vostok core over the period 186-4 ka using the time derivative method. Dust flux on the x-axis, rate of change is on the y-axis. From Gipp (2001).

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Dissection of the Malian crisis

An detailed summary of the crisis in Mali from inception to the present has been recently released by the Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought, and is presented here. (pdf)

What I found striking is that prior to the turmoil, Mali had passed through about 20 peaceful years, including five elections and three peaceful transitions of power. The speed with which the collapse occurred was surprising, and may be an object lesson in the stability of African democracies. 

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